top slip - parambikulam

 Topslip & Parambikulam

 

A detailed description of the varieties in Indira gandhi wildlife santuary is given below

BIRDS:

Great Pied Hornbil-the flagship species, rare birds like the Frogmouth, Red-winged crested cuckoo endow the park with their presence. Birds of prey like Crested Serpent Eagle, Spot-billied Eagle , Black Eagle, Crested Gohawk, Rufous bellied Eagle, Jerdon’s Baza, Mountain Hawk Eagle, Peregrine Falcon, Owl. Grey Jungle fowl, Painted Bush qflorauail, Red Spurfowl, Malabar Pied Hornbill, Malabar Grey Hornbill, White-bellied Woodpecker, Alpine Swift, Brown-backed Needletail, Mountain Imperial Pigeon, Nilgiri Wood Pigeon, Dollar bird, Malabar Trogon, Asian Fairy Bluebird, Blue-bearded Bee eater, White bellied Treepie, White-bellied Shortwing, Waynad Laughingthrush, Hill Myna, Nilgir Flycatcher. Many species of flycatchers, Drongos, Treepies, Birds of prey, Thrushes, Warblers, Babblers, woodpeckers, Parakeets, Pigeons, Shrikes, Cuckoos, Swifts and Owls are also on attendence.
hornbills - topslip

Shortwing, Wynad Laughingthrush, Hill Myna, Nilgir Flycatcher. Many species of flycatchers, Drongos, Treepies, Birds of prey, Thrushes, Warblers, Babblers, woodpeckers, Parakeets, Pigeons, Shrikes, Cuckoos, Swifts and Owls are also found here.

ANIMALS:

deer
The vegetarian sect include elephant, gaur, Sambar, spotted deer, barking deer, mouse deer, nilgiri tahr and wild boar. This is equally matched by mammals with a penchant for meat such as Tiger, Leopard, Wild Dog (Dhole), Indian Fox, Leopard-cat and Jungle cat. Primate diversity include bonnet macaque, common langur, nilgiri langur, lion-tailed macaque and slender loris. Other important mammals who consider the forest as their home are Sloth Bear, Small Indian civet, Toddy cat, Ruddy mongoose, Stripped-necked mongoose, Common Otter, Smooth Indian Otter, Nilgiri marten, Indian Flying fox squirrel, Indian Giant Squirrel, Dusky stripped squirrel, Flying squirrel, Black naped Indian Hare, Bandicoot Rat, Grey musk shrew, Indian Porcupine, Indian Pangolin.

 

REPTILES:

The cold blooded class of this park include Travancore Cane turtle and Travancore tortoise,Marsh Crocodile,Common Indian monitor,Kerala Forest Terapin,. Travancore and Cane turtle. Slithery serpents such as calotes snake, Sand snake, Olive keel back, Water snake, Bronze bark tree snake, Perrotes shield tail snake, Common wolf snake and Green keel also demand their share of prescence.

Southern Green calotes , Common skink ,Snake skink,Draco or Flying lizard along with the deadly bunch that include the poisonous King Cobra, Cobra, Common Krait , Saw-scaled viper, Russels viper , Bamboo Pit Viper, and non Poisonus Indian rock python, Green keelback, Vine snake, Common warm snake, Sand snake, Olive keel back, Water snake, Bronze bark tree snake, Perrotes shield tail snake , Common wolf snake and Green keel back are present here.

AMPHIBIANS:

The abode of amphibians include narrow mouthed frogs like the Microhyla, tree frogs like the Malabar gliding frog, Green tree frog and toads like the Bufo beddomi, Bufo melanostictus .

FLORA:

About two thousand varieties of flora are available thanks to the variance in rain fall in different places. AMONG THESE FOUR HUNDRED ARE IDENTIFIED AS MEDICINAL PLANTS .There is a medicinal plant conservation centre.

Of course one has to mention the varied insect families present here , with dense proportions of grasshoppers, termites, Beatles and spiders .These are considered to balance a considerable part of the diverse ecosystem on their tiny if not non existent shoulders.


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